Yuan Datou was one of the major currencies in circulation during the Republic of China. "Yuan Datou" is a colloquial name for Yuan Shikai's series of coins, which is strictly called "Yuan Shikai's like carrying Jiahe silver coins". In order to rectify the monetary system and standardize the silver coins, the Beiyang government promulgated Article 13 of the National Currency Regulations in February, 1914, and decided to implement the silver standard system. "National Currency Regulations" stipulates: "The unit of price is 6.4% and 8% of Kuping sterling silver, which is named round", "One round silver coin, with a total weight of 7.2%, silver 89 and copper 11", "There is no limit to the number of silver coins used", that is, one round silver coin is the standard loan currency with unlimited legal compensation. According to this regulation, in December 1914 and February 1915, the Mint General Factory and Jiangnan Mint successively opened and cast a round silver coin with Yuan Shikai's head engraved on the coin face, commonly known as "Yuan Tou Coin" or "Yuan Datou".
"Yuan Datou" is called the treasure of silver dollar in the field of money collection. It is the most popular and influential silver dollar variety among nearly 1,000 modern silver coins in China, and it is also an important role in the monetary system reform in modern China.
After the demise of the Qing Dynasty, Yuan Shikai became president in April 1912. In view of the complexity of coinage and paper money at that time, with more than 100 kinds of Chinese and foreign currencies in circulation, different specifications, chaotic circulation, complicated conversion and people's grievances, the Beiyang government also decided to cast and issue the national currency by means of currency restructuring to solve the military expenditure problem. In order to improve his dominant position, Yuan Shikai cast his head on the coin, and "Yuan Datou" came from it.
This "silver coin of one yuan (swallow version) in the third year of the Republic of China": on the top of the coin is "the third year of the Republic of China", and on the back are two crossed rice ears. There is a swallow pattern on the right, which is very rare and rare. In the center is the word "one yuan". During the period of the Republic of China, warlords fought together. The warlords all over the country cast yuan Dadou privately, which led to the quality of yuan Dadou. Although it has experienced the baptism of endless years, it is still well preserved. Its color is bright and natural, and the depth of decorative patterns is moderate. Both the text and the pattern are natural and delicate, and the depth is appropriate. The thickness of the edge lines is uniform, and the spacing is also uniform. Portrait, hair, beard, ear awn and other details are clear, vivid and natural. It is a fine silver coin with high collection value.
Because it is a kind of currency, which is due to people's recognition of precious metals and strong sense of identity with history and culture, there are not a few collectors. The liquidity of "Yuan Datou" is relatively strong, which is one of the factors that collectors are optimistic about, and the "money" scene is promising.