古玩城2020精品推荐第九期:福建官局造光绪元宝每枚当钱十文

1900年,即光绪二十六年,福建巡抚奏请在福建设置机铸铜元造币厂,以原来的福建省银元局为基础,命名为福建铜元局。后来,还先后建立了三个造币厂,用于铸造这种钱币。最开始的时候,发行的福建官局造光绪元宝只有三种面值,分别是当五文、当十文、当二十文。

In 1900, in Guangxu, the governor of Fujian Province set up a machine casting copper coin factory in Fujian Province. It was named Fujian copper yuan Bureau based on the original Fujian Provincial Bureau of silver and yuan. Later, three Mint factories were established to cast such coins. At the beginning, the issued Fujian official bureau made Guangxu Yuanbao with only three denominations, namely, when five, ten and twenty.

福建官局造光绪元宝每枚当钱十文,铸造时间是光绪27年,也就是1901年,直到1912年才完全停止铸造。福建是继广东省局之后,较早开始铸造铜元的省份之一,不仅采用了和广东一样先进的设备、技术和币模,同时还更具特色。 福建官局造光绪元宝每枚当钱十文的材质是红铜,这一点是非常少见的,因为大部分光绪元宝都是白银铸造,唯有少数几个省局铸造采用的是铜。这也和当地的原材料以及财政有关。

Each piece of Guangxu Yuanbao was made by Fujian government bureau as Qian Shiwen. It was cast in 1901 in the 27th year of Guangxu reign. It was not until 1912 that the casting stopped completely. Fujian is one of the provinces which started casting copper coins earlier after Guangdong Provincial Bureau. It not only adopted the same advanced equipment, technology and coin pattern as Guangdong, but also had more characteristics. It is very rare that each piece of Guangxu Yuanbao made by Fujian government bureau is made of red copper, because most of Guangxu Yuanbao is made of silver, and only a few provinces use copper. This is also related to local raw materials and finance.

福建官局造光绪元宝每枚当钱十文,钱币正面珠圈内镌汉文和满文“光绪元宝”字样,珠圈外上端铸“福建官局造”五字,下镌“每枚当钱十文”六字,两旁镌花饰之,字体端庄工整,笔画刚劲有力。 钱币背面蟠龙居中,龙纹极其精美,龙鳞细腻优美,线条棱角分明,纹理清晰流畅,图案层次感强。 观之,犹如一条翱翔天际的神龙,活灵活现,栩栩如生,让人叹为观止,异常震撼;龙纹外圈为英文,两旁镌小花饰之,小巧可爱。

There are ten characters of each coin made by Fujian government bureau. On the front of the coin, the words "Guangxu Yuanbao" in Chinese and Manchu are engraved inside the bead ring. Five characters of "made by Fujian official bureau" are cast on the top of the bead circle, and the six characters of "each coin of Dangqian ten Wen" are engraved on the bottom of the bead circle. The characters are dignified and neat, and the strokes are vigorous and powerful. The dragon on the back of the coin is in the middle. The dragon pattern is extremely exquisite. The Dragon scales are delicate and beautiful. The lines are sharp and the texture is clear and smooth. The sense of hierarchy is strong. It is like a dragon flying in the sky, vivid and impressive; the outer ring of the dragon pattern is in English, and the two sides are decorated with small flowers, which are small and lovely.

 

此枚福建官局造光绪元宝每枚当钱十文,材质为红铜,版别为英文复数长云版,其特点:正面中心满文宝福,周边光绪元宝四汉字,珠圈外上缘福建官局造,下缘每枚当钱十文,背面珠圈七尾坐龙,珠圈外上下英文,下英文多两个字母ES。

Each piece of Guangxu Yuanbao, made by Fujian government bureau, is made of red copper, and its version is a long cloud version in English. Its features are: Manchu Baofu in the center of the front, four Chinese characters in the periphery of Guangxu Yuanbao, made by Fujian government bureau on the outer edge of the bead circle, each coin of the lower edge is Dangqian Shiwen, the back bead circle has seven tails sitting on the dragon, and the upper and lower English letters are more than two letters es.

 

光绪二十六年1900年,福建巡抚奏准在原福建省银元局设立机制铜元造币厂,命名为福建铜元局,先后设立三处造币厂,次年正式铸造发行铜元,其发行的铜元质量较好,版式也多,初铸发行的铜元正面版式分为三种面值,有光绪元宝每枚当五文,当十文,当二十文,背面版别分为多种,有十五云坐龙,十六云坐龙,十九云坐龙,二十云坐龙,错英文字母,大小英文字母,英文复数等版别。另有红黄铜合面样币,之后又发行了光绪元宝左右闽关铜元,正面有大小闽关高低闽关等版式,背面版分为两种,珠圈大英文坐龙和珠圈小英文坐龙,光绪三十二年1906年,福建奉户部奏请与浙江造币厂归并一厂,改名为度支造币厂。

In 1900, in Guangxu, the governor of Fujian Province established a mechanism copper coin factory in the former Bureau of silver yuan of Fujian Province, named Fujian copper yuan Bureau. Three Mint factories were successively established. The copper yuan was officially issued the following year. The quality of copper yuan issued was good and the layout was also large. The positive layout of copper yuan issued in the initial casting was divided into three denominations, each of which was five, ten for ten, and twenty for 20 documents , the back version is divided into several sections, including ten five clouds sitting dragon, sixteen cloud sitting dragon, 19 cloud sitting dragon, 20 cloud sitting dragon, wrong English letter, size English letter, English plural and other sections. Another red brass coin was combined with the surface, and then the copper yuan of minguan was issued around Guangxu Yuanbao. On the front, there were different forms, such as the high and low min pass of the minguan, and the reverse version was divided into two types. The large English version of the Pearl circle was sitting in dragon and the small English sitting dragon in the bead circle. In 1906, in 1906, Fujian Province was invited to return to the minguan factory of Zhejiang River, and renamed as the Duzhi minguan mint.

 

 

 

 

 

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