古玩城2020精品推荐第九期:军政府造四川银币

众所周知,中国是世界上最后一个结束银本位币制度的国家,世界上其他国家早已经退出货币流通领域的机制银币都随着旧中国国际贸易的开展而大量汇聚到清代和民国时期的旧中国流通。由于中国人民银行的长期大规模收兑银元的行动使得民间老银元的实际存量越来越少,而随着时间的推移最终成为稀有的文物收藏品的。在我国发行的近千种老银币中,有一种图案非常别致、中央有一个很大的篆书“汉”字,这就是精美的“军政府造四川壹圆银币”。此枚保存较好,品相极佳的“军政府造四川壹圆银币”。

As we all know, China is the last country in the world to end the system of silver standard currency. Silver coins, the mechanism that other countries in the world have already withdrawn from the field of currency circulation, have converged into the circulation of old China in Qing Dynasty and Republic of China with the development of international trade in old China. Due to the long-term and large-scale action of the people's Bank of China to collect and exchange silver dollars, the actual stock of old private silver dollars is becoming less and less, and eventually become a rare cultural relics collection over time. Among the nearly 1000 kinds of old silver coins issued in China, there is a very unique pattern and a large seal character "Han" in the center, which is the exquisite "one yuan silver coin made by the military government in Sichuan". This well preserved and excellent "one yuan silver coin of Sichuan made by the military government".

该款硬币乃中华民国元年军政府造四川银币壹圆,中华民国元年(1912年)四川省军政府成都造币厂铸,民国成立后废除龙模,由四川军政府自创模型。正面中央珠圈内镌“四川银币”四个字,四个字中间镌一朵精美的芙蓉花,象征蓉城成都珠圈外上端镌“军政府造”四个字,下端镌币值“壹圆”,左右两侧各镌一个四瓣花星,银币背面中央圆圈内镌一个篆文“汉”字,代表了新政府“大汉”的意思,具有反清意义。有横向底纹装饰,旁围十八个小圆圈组成的圆圈,内镌纵向饰纹,象征着当年响应辛亥革命的十八个省。圈外上端镌“中华民国元年”六个字,其银字的金旁系连书四画,此项模型即为四川银元定型,一直未变。”随着国家政策及时代的变迁,其存世量逐渐减少,现更其难觅。

This coin is a Sichuan silver coin made by the military government in the first year of the Republic of China. It was made by Chengdu mint of the military government of Sichuan Province in the first year of the Republic of China (1912). After the founding of the Republic of China, the Dragon mold was abolished and the model was created by the military government of Sichuan Province. In the central pearl circle on the front is engraved with four words of "Sichuan silver coin", and in the middle of the four words is engraved with a beautiful hibiscus flower, which symbolizes the four words of "made by the military government" on the outside of Chengdu Pearl circle in Chengdu, the lower end is engraved with the currency value of "one circle", the left and right sides are engraved with a four petal flower star, and in the central circle on the back of the silver coin is engraved with a seal character of "Han", which represents the meaning of "Great Han" of the new government, with anti Qing meaning Righteousness. It is decorated with horizontal shading, surrounded by 18 small circles and engraved with vertical decorative patterns, symbolizing the 18 provinces responding to the 1911 Revolution. "The first year of the Republic of China" is engraved on the top of the circle, and its silver character has four paintings with gold side series. This model is the finalization of Sichuan silver dollar, which has never changed. " With the changes of national policies and times, the amount of its existence has gradually decreased, and now it is hard to find.

1911年5月,清政府假借铁路国有化名义,将民办川汉、粤汉筑路权出让给英法德美四国银行团,激起全国各地人民的反对,四川省反响尤为强烈,数十万人参加了保路同志军。武昌起义后,各省先后宣布独立,保路军包围了成都。赵尔丰控制不住四川的局面,只得将政权交给四川保路运动的领导人蒲殿俊等立宪派人士。于是,四川省也宣告独立,成立了“大汉四川军政府”,并接管成都造币分厂。为扩充军需,铸造发行了这种“汉”字银币。

In May 1911, the Qing government, under the guise of nationalization of railway, transferred the right of private construction of roads in Sichuan and Guangdong to the four banking groups of Britain, France, Germany and the United States, which aroused people's opposition all over the country. The response of Sichuan Province was particularly strong, with hundreds of thousands of people participating in the road protection gay army. After the Wuchang Uprising, the provinces successively declared their independence, and the road guards surrounded Chengdu. Zhao Erfeng could not control the situation in Sichuan, so he had to give power to Pu Dianjun, the leader of Sichuan Road Protection Movement and other constitutionalists. As a result, Sichuan Province also declared its independence, established the "Han Sichuan military government" and took over the Chengdu mint. In order to expand military supplies, the silver coins with the character of "Han" were issued.

 

经过这几年的钱币市场酝酿,以机制币为主的钱币交易市场正在悄然升温,银币是钱币收藏的很大一类,不同版别的银币都有其独特的韵味,值得投资者们细细品味。在今年艺术品市场最为轰动的莫过于是一枚品相完好的“军政府造四川银币”拍出380万的天价。由于银币收藏市场的兴起,四川军政府造银币也因此受益,被部分投资者热潮了一番,在品种繁多的银币中增值幅度不少。军政府造四川银币发行量与存世量都相对来说比较少,“物以稀为贵”,由于该钱币作为特殊历史时期、地方政权的特殊货币,具有不可替代的文物价值等特点,从收藏与投资角度来说乃非常珍贵。

After several years of brewing in the money market, the currency trading market dominated by mechanism currency is quietly warming up. Silver coins are a large category of coin collection. Different versions of silver coins have their own unique charm, which is worth the careful taste of investors. In this year's art market, the most sensational thing is that a well-developed "Sichuan silver coin made by the military government" has been sold for 3.8 million yuan. Due to the rise of the silver coin collection market, Sichuan military government also benefited from the silver coin production, which was upsurge by some investors, with a lot of value added in a variety of silver coins. The silver coins made by the military government in Sichuan Province are relatively rare in circulation and in existence. As a special currency in a special historical period and local regime, the coins have irreplaceable cultural value and are very precious in terms of collection and investment.

 

 

 

 

 

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